Traditional recipes

Desert cake C

Desert cake C

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Top 1 (28 cm diameter) Beat the egg whites with a pinch of salt until you get a hard foam, add the sugar and continue beating. Add the yolks and incorporate them with slow movements from bottom to top. Incorporate flour and ground walnuts also with slow movements from bottom to top. We line the shape of the cake with baking paper, we pour the dough, we put the form in the preheated oven, it is ready when it passes the toothpick test. Leave to cool until the next day.

Top 2 (28 cm diameter) Beat the egg whites with a pinch of salt until you get a hard foam, add the sugar and continue beating. Leave to cool until the next day.

Top 3 (20 cm diameter) Beat the egg whites with a pinch of salt until you get a hard foam, add the sugar and continue beating. Leave to cool until the next day.

Butter cream with ness. Mix the butter at room temperature well until it becomes frothy. Separately mix the yolks with the ness. We put water and sugar on the fire and when it reaches 120 degrees (or makes a lot of bubbles) we pour this syrup over the yolks with ness in the wire and mix well until it cools down. This mixture must be cold when we incorporate it in the butter, spoon by spoon and mix.

Dark chocolate cream. In a double-bottomed stainless steel pan, break the chocolate, add 400 ml of whipped cream and 200 g of powdered sugar, stir continuously until the chocolate and sugar melt, be careful that the whipped cream should not reach boiling point. Let it cool for a few hours then take it out of the fridge, transfer it to the robot bowl and gradually add the rest of the liquid cream and mix well until you get a fluffy cream.

Syrup: The sugar is caramelized, then add water and cherry syrup and let it boil until all the caramelized sugar melts, be careful when you put the liquid over the caramelized sugar. Leave it to cool.

Assembly. Section the top 1 and 2 in two parts and the top 3 in 3 parts. Place the first part of the top 1 on a plate, syrup well, spread a layer of butter cream over which the second part of the top 1 is placed, syrup and spread over the chocolate cream over which are cut cherries cut in half, place the first part of the countertop 2, syrup, spread the butter cream, put the second part of the countertop 2 and syrup over which put the chocolate and cherries cream but only in the center where the 20 cm top is placed. with butter cream, the bottom of the cake 28 cm is covered with chocolate cream. Decorate with melted chocolate, cherries, white chocolate and cappuccino sticks.

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Each year the Arizona Game and Fish Department adopts out captive desert tortoises that cannot be released back into the wild because captive tortoises can transmit diseases that can decimate our wild population. They are nontraditional pets, but are fascinating animals and families can gain an appreciation of desert wildlife by caring for a tortoise and watching its natural behavior.

Under state law, desert tortoises are available for adoption for Arizona residents only.

Before adopting, it is strongly recommended that you to educate yourself about desert tortoises, desert ecology and what’s required to properly care for one. Adopters should also consider that healthy tortoises can live upwards of 80-100 years and should have a long-term plan in place in either, a will or other succession plan as the tortoise may outlive its owners.

Tortoises are typically only adopted from April 1 to Sept. 30 because they hibernate during the cooler months.

2021 adoption applications currently being accepted

Allow at least 14 days for us to process your application.

* Note: Read through the materials below on how to care for a desert tortoise and complete your burrow before submitting your application.

How to adopt

  • Paper application: Desert Tortoise Adoption Application. E-mail the completed application and photos of the tortoise’s constructed habitat and burrow to: [email protected] or mail to Tortoise Adoption Program, 5000 W. Carefree Highway, Phoenix, AZ 85086.

For Arizona Game and Fish Commission Order 43, "possession limit is one desert tortoise per person per household."
Adopted tortoises may be permanently marked so if it becomes lost and then found it can be identified by various animal care agencies or veterinarians. Note: the Tortoise Adoption Program does not microchip tortoises.

Information for Desert Tortoise Adoption

Your adopted tortoise will require a shelter and enclosure constructed specifically to ensure it doesn’t escape. Pools, ponds and other bodies of water must also be gated to prevent the tortoise from entering, as they cannot swim. The enclosure & # 8217s primary barrier should have a portion buried at least 6-8 inches to help discourage digging. The total height above ground should be at least 2 & # 8242 for an adult tortoise and should include a solid visual section for the first 10 & # 8243 from the ground up. This will help prevent the tortoise from rubbing its face and discourage escape. Similar adjustments should be made for a juvenile or hatchling enclosure. Additionally, the enclosure must be built to keep a dog from getting to the tortoise.

Enclosures must meet the following minimum size requirements for the size of the tortoise:

Adult tortoise & # 8211 18 & # 8242 x 18 & # 8242 or 324 square feet
Juvenile tortoise & # 8211 8 & # 8242 x 8 & # 8242 or 64 square feet
Hatchling tortoise & # 8211 4 & # 8242 x 4 & # 8242 or 16 square feet must include a predator proof top

Remember that breeding of these captive tortoises is illegal and doing so leads to a surplus of tortoises needing homes.

Tortoises Native to Arizona Must Remain in Arizona

Under state law, desert tortoises cannot be removed from Arizona so if tortoise custodian plans to move from the state or passes away and no succession plan is in place (such as a will), it must be returned back into an approved adoption facility. If the tortoise is relocated within the state, please contact the nearest adoption facility to update your address in our records.

It is Illegal to Collect Tortoises From or Release Tortoises into the Wild

Desert Tortoise

The desert tortoise is an herbivore that may attain a length of 9 to 15 inches in upper shell (carapace) length. The tortoise is able to live where ground temperatures may exceed 140 degrees F because of its ability to dig underground burrows and to escape the heat. At least 95% of its life is spent in burrows. There, it is also protected from freezing while sleeping, November through February or March.

The Sonoran desert tortoise is flat and pear-shaped, compared to the Western Mojave tortoise which is more of a butterball shape they are usually active in spring. The Sonoran desert tortoise is more active in summer and seeks shade under large rocks and boulders. It is possible that northern and southern desert tortoises may one day be designated as different species or subspecies.

The presence of soil suitable for digging burrows is a limiting factor to desert tortoise distribution. Some of their burrows extend only just beyond the shell of the tortoise inside. Others extend for several feet. A single tortoise may have a dozen or more burrows distributed over its home range. These burrows may be used by different tortoises at different times.

Gopherus agassizii

Class: Reptilia
Order: Chelonia
Suborder: Cryptodira
Super Family: Testudinoid
Family: Testudinidae
Genus: Gopherus
Species: G. agassizii

Vital Stats

Weight: 8-15 lbs.
Length (carapace): 9-15 & quot
Height: 4- 6 & quot
Sexual Maturity: 15-20 years
Mating Season: Aug.-Oct.
Incubation Period: 90-120 days
No. of Eggs: 4-8
Birth Interval: 2-3 / year
Lifespan: 80-100 years
Typical diet: Herbs, fats,

Geography - Range

Mojave and Sonoran deserts of southeastern California, southern Nevada, south through Arizona into Mexico.

Related Species

Tortoises are any of the land-dwelling turtles of the family Testudinidae. The desert tortoise is one of four species of the genus Gopherus, known collectively as gopher tortoises. Gopher tortoises are characterized by brown shells 8-15 inches long with flattened front limbs adapted for burrowing.

Berlandier's tortoise (G. berlandieri) inhabits the near-desert and wooded areas of Texas and northern Mexico. The Gopher tortoise (G.polyphemus) inhabits sandy and wooded regions of the southeastern US from Florida to Texas. The Gopherus flavomarginatus, with the common name & quotBols & oacuten tortoise, & quot was discovered in 1959. It lives in North Central Mexico in the states of Chihuahua, Coahuila and Durango around the Bols & oacuten de Mapim & iacute, a large geologic feature.


A tortoise is a high-domed turtle, with elephant-shaped, or & quotcolumnar, & quot legs. It is more terrestrial than the turtle is, going to water only to drink or bathe. Tortoises do not have bodies designed for swimming. They do not have webbed feet, rather their feet are round and stumpy for walking on land, and they are not able to swim.


Desert tortoises make hisses, pops and poink sounds, perhaps as fear and distress calls. Males grunt when mating.

Both sexes have a gular horn - an anterior extension of the plastron (lower shell). The horn is longer in males and often upturned. Males use these in fighting with other males, attempting to insert the horn under the anterior edge of the carapace and by twisting to the side, to flip the other male on its back. The opponent attempts to stand as high as possible to prevent this from happening.

The tortoise's hind limbs differ markedly from the forelimbs. Considering the hind limbs are elephantine, the forelimbs are flattened with well-developed muscle. They are used for digging burrows. The females use their hind limbs to dig their nests.


Fighting may occur any time males encounter one another, and usually ends in the subordinate male running away from the other. Where there are cavities in partially consolidated gravels with room for several tortoises, males and females will share these cover sites. The males may begin to fight upon emerging each day but the importance of adequate cover for protection against extreme heat seems to be greater than the need to maintain dominance hierarchy.

To maximize the utilization of infrequent rainfall, tortoises dig catchment basins in the soil, remember where these are, and may be found waiting by them when rain appears imminent. Water that reaches the bladder is not lost to the system but can be drawn upon as needed.

Much of the tortoise & rsquos water intake comes from moisture in the grasses and wildflowers they consume in the spring. During very dry times they may give off waste as a white paste rather than a watery urine. Adult tortoises may survive a year or more without access to water.


Desert tortoises inhabit semi-arid grasslands, gravelly desert washes, canyon bottoms and rocky hillsides below 3,530 ft.

Tortoises north and west of the Colorado River inhabit valleys and alluvial fans. In the Sonoran desert of Arizona, however, the tortoises tend to live on steep, rocky hillside slopes in palo verde and saguaro cactus communities.

Food & Hunting

Diet composition varies throughout the tortoise's range. If winter rainfall has been sufficient to result in germination of annuals, these are used heavily when the tortoises emerge from winter torpor (brumation). Other herbs, grasses, some shrubs and the new growth of cacti and their flowers comprise a major portion of the diet. If there is no summer rain, tortoises will use dry drilling.


Courting and copulation may occur any time that tortoises are above ground however, there seems to be more of this behavior in late summer and early fall when the testosterone levels peak in males. Females store sperm and egg laying occurs in May, June and July.

The number of eggs varies. Female size seems to be one factor. A mature female might lay 4-8 white, hard-shelled eggs in a clutch and produce two, sometimes three clutches in a season. Hatchlings from only a few eggs out of every hundred actually make it to adulthood.

Nests are often dug near the burrow opening early in the season, and farther inside late in the season. Some nests are dug away from the burrow, usually under a shrub. After laying, the female leaves the nest and the soil temperatures support growth of the embryos. Incubation periods of 90 to 120 days are typical. Data from experiments using controlled incubation temperatures show that cooler temperatures, 79-87 degrees F. produce all males at 88-91 degrees F. all females.

Tortoises grow at varying rates depending upon forage availability. The number of growth rings in a given year may be zero to several hence, one cannot determine a tortoise's exact age by counting those rings. Sexual maturity is a function of size rather than age, approximately 7-8 inches mid-carapace length in females. Generally, desert tortoises don’t reach sexual maturity for 15 to 20 years.


Ravens, gila monsters, kit foxes, badgers, roadrunners and coyotes are all natural predators of the desert tortoise. They prey on juveniles, which are 2-3 inches long with thin, delicate shells.

In recent years desert tortoises of the Mojave Desert have been federally listed as a threatened species. State and federal wildlife and land management agencies and local jurisdictions are actively involved in conservation programs to help the recovery of the desert tortoise throughout the Mojave Desert.

Primary threats remaining to the desert tortoises include:

  • Illegal collection and vandalism by humans. Urban area expansion that has destroyed habitat and increased the numbers of ravens
  • Upper respiratory tract disease
  • The loss of forage plants due to competition with grazing livestock and replacement by invasive species.


When and How to Move a Tortoise

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Defenders works in western deserts and Florida to protect imperiled species of tortoise.

Agassiz’s desert tortoises have a high domed shell, which is usually brown in adults and dark tan in younger adults. Their powerful limbs are equipped with claws to dig underground burrows, which provide refuge from extreme heat and cold, and their front limbs are protected with a covering of thick scales that help deter would-be predators.

As adults, gopher tortoises are mostly brownish gray with a yellowish, tan underside. Gopher tortoises are so named because they dig large, deep burrows with their shovel-like front legs. These burrows provide shelter for 360 other species of wildlife, making gopher tortoises a keystone species with a pivotal role to play in their native community. Without the gopher tortoise, many of these species would not have a home or would not exist.

Because of threats to the species, Defenders helped to get Agassiz's desert tortoise listed as an endangered species under the Endangered Species Act in 1990 and critical habitat designated in 1994. Defenders has challenged many federal, state and local government agency programs and that allow excessive human activity and development in Agassiz's desert tortoise habitats and rallied our supporters to do the same.

We continue to oppose excessive and improper livestock grazing, unmanaged off-road vehicle use, military base expansion, renewable energy generation development, and electrical transmission facilities.

In Florida, Defenders is coordinating with species experts to share information with the FWS as it conducts a Species Status Assessment to determine whether the gopher tortoise may warrant protection under the Endangered Species Act. In addition, Defenders serves on the Florida Gopher Tortoise Technical Advisory Group, which advises the Florida Fish and Wildlife Commission (FWC) on conservation policies and permitting guidelines for the species.

Defenders is asking the FWC to eliminate a policy that exempts all forms of agriculture and silviculture, as well as activities intended to improve native wildlife habitat, from complying with the protections in the Gopher Tortoise Management Plan, Permitting Guidelines and rules. The gopher tortoise remains the only imperiled species that has a policy with such an exemption.

Defenders supports “smart-from-the-start” renewable energy siting, which identifies high-value natural resource lands for avoidance and guides potential surface disturbance projects to low-value, low-conflict areas and degraded agricultural lands — aiming to avoid or minimize adverse effects to imperiled species.

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Carrot cake with oranges, a dessert with Christmas flavor


A perfect mix between soft top and crunchy filling, this Christmas cake will impress the whole family!

Whatever dessert you prefer around the holidays, it's no secret that the aroma of oranges is practically the definition of Christmas. And carrots are not only healthy, but they have a sweetness and an aroma that simply transforms this simple cake into an addictive one.

The recipe involves the use of dried fruit and is designed by Indian blogger Kankana Saxena, who offers her readers the most creative recipes, inspired here and there by Indian cuisine. All her dishes have a special aroma, but also a little secret that makes a difference. For example, in order for this cake to have the perfect flavor, Kankana decided to immerse the dried fruits in natural orange juice and leave them hydrated overnight. & # 8222The recipe will come out without this procedure, but the cake will not have that soft texture inside & # 8221, specified the blogger.


-nuts and dried fruits. A quarter cup of each: pineapple, cranberries, raisins, ginger, nuts.

-1 glass of fresh orange juice

-200 g of grated carrot

-1 teaspoon baking soda

- vanilla sugar to powder the cake at the end

Method of preparation:

1. Cut the dried fruit, but without crushing them, because it would be ideal to feel them when chewing the cake. Cut the walnuts as well. In a bowl for the mixer, add the orange juice with the dried fruit, but WITHOUT WALNUT & # 8211 they will be added later. Let the ingredients melt for at least an hour or let them cool overnight.

2. In a bowl, mix the eggs and beat with the brown sugar. Then add the oil and use the mixer to mix all the ingredients well. Then add the dry ingredients (flour, baking soda, salt, nuts) and mix everything again. The dough should be thick, not liquid.

3. Add the hydrated dried fruit to the dough in the orange and carrot juice. Using a spatula or wooden spoon, mix well.

4. Preheat the oven to 180 degrees Celsius. Take a tray with a diameter of about 22 cm, grease it with oil and line it with flour. If you want, you can also put baking paper on the bottom of the tray.

5. Put the dough in the pan and try to spread it evenly. Put the tray in the preheated oven and let it bake for 50 minutes.

6. After the cake is baked, take it out and leave it to cool. Do not try to remove it from the tray now, let it sit for 15-20 minutes.

7. Try to gently peel off the edges of the cake before turning it over on a plate. You can powder it with vanilla sugar, then it's ready to serve. You can add whipped cream or even ice cream, but it's delicious and simple, with a cup of tea!


One of the most important aspects of tortoise care is proper diet. These guidelines will help ensure the health and longevity of your tortoise.

A Healthy Diet

Desert tortoises are completely herbivorous, eating on a wide variety of plants in the wild. Likewise, in captivity, the best diet is one that provides a variety of foods to meet its nutritional needs. Ideally a captive tortoise should be allowed to graze on grasses, leafy plants and flowers.

Grass can contribute a significant portion to your tortoise’s diet if you establish a patch large enough for it to browse (at least 6 feet by 6 feet.

Other plants that you can establish in your yard that provide a varied diet include native grasses, dichondra, filaree (heronbill), spurge, dandelion, hibiscus, wild grape, mulberry and wildflowers such as globemallow. Your tortoise will enjoy the leaves, stems, and flowers of these plants.

Native plant seeds can be purchased at the Arizona Native Plant Society website or by inquiring about native plants at a local nursery. Plants meant for your tortoise to graze on must be planted inside the enclosure in sufficient quantity to allow daily grazing.

Commercial Produce

In general, commercial produce is less nutritious than native plants for tortoises due to higher water and lower fiber content. However, produce can serve as a supplemental food source if you are unable to establish plants within the enclosure. Dark greens rich in minerals and vitamins such as collard, kale, mustard greens, turnip greens, cilantro and parsley can be offered as a short-term alternative or as a supplement to grasses.
When dark greens and acceptable produce are offered, they should be clean, fresh, and chopped into pieces small enough for the tortoise to eat. Iceberg lettuce provides little nutrition and should be avoided entirely. Foods should be served on a dish or feeding platform to prevent ingestion of gravel or sand, which can cause gastrointestinal irritation or impaction.

Foods to Avoid

Many tortoises will eat foods that are not part of a healthy diet. They may even appear completely healthy for years on a poor diet. In reality, poor diets, such as those that are rich in sugars (including fruits), protein or animal fats will impair organ function and may result in the eventual death of your tortoise.

Do not feed your tortoise dog or cat food, monkey chow or any food that contains more than 15 percent protein. These will cause liver and kidney damage, as well as deformed shell growth.
Do not feed tortoises frozen vegetables or sodium-rich foods including canned vegetables, dairy products, breads and celery.
Please exercise caution to ensure that captive tortoises cannot consume toxic plants such as oleander, chinaberry trees, tree tobacco and toadstools.

Fruits as Snacks

Fruits, should only be offered as a special treat. Once a month or so you can give your tortoise a small piece of fruit such as a strawberry or one-quarter slice of peeled watermelon. Fruit generally has too much sugar and water to be fed in large amounts and should only be fed in moderation (no more than 10 percent of the diet). Sugar and starch disrupt digestion by changing the type of bacteria that live in the tortoise’s hindgut.

Make sure that water is available in the enclosure a few days of the week. Keep the water dish in the same place so the tortoise knows where to find it. Your tortoise will get a lot of its water from its food, so you may not see it drink frequently. However, tortoises enjoy soaking occasionally so the water dish should be just a few inches deep, and wide enough for the tortoise to sit in.

1. For starters, take an orange and squeeze the juice.

2. Now beat the eggs in a bowl, add the stevia sweetener (or sugar) and beat them with an electric mixer until you get a frothy consistency.

3. Now add the ricotta, mix once more with the mixer, add the orange juice and, after sifting it properly, lightly add the flour with the baking powder (taking care to add it little by little).

4. Repeat the work as it should, in order to obtain a dough whose consistency is homogeneous and smooth.

5. After you have done this, line a large 20 cm diameter tray with butter and flour, then pour the mixture you have obtained into it and garnish the surface with the apricots cut into feathers.

6. Finally, cook in the preheated oven in static mode at 180 ° C (160 ° C in ventilated mode) for 30-35 minutes.

7. Once the cake is ready (check with a toothpick) decorate with icing sugar, if desired, let it cool and enjoy.

Trick: If the apricots are a little sour, after you have cut them, sprinkle a little liquid sweetener over them to make them slightly sweeter.